You wouldn’t take a chemistry test without preparing for it, nor would you learn to drive while taking your driving test. Participating in sports without the conditioning, training and nutrition to back it up is much the same way. The human body utilizes muscularity and coordination in various ways to achieve sport-specific movements and power. Incredible core strength is necessary for golf, quick reflexes are necessary for soccer and lower body conditioning is crucial for cycling.
Whether you’re a weekend warrior or a sport devotee, sport-specific training is essential to prevent injuries, solidify your skills and maintain muscular balance. Some certified personal trainers specialize in sport-specific training. Prior to beginning this type of specialized training, your personal trainer should conduct a fitness assessment to determine areas of weakness and strength in addition to postural, biomechanical and alignment issues.
Golfing requires an immense amount of core rotation. Exercises like the medicine ball twist strengthen the lumbar spinal region, obliques and hips. A strong core is critical to maintain stabilization through the golf swing. Upper back and shoulder strength is required in order control the swing and dictate swing speed. Performing exercises such as a single armed dumbbell row and shoulder press strengthen the entire rotator cuff area. Because golf games can run long, golfers need to come prepared with snacks and adequate hydration to keep energy levels up.
In order to propel the ball downfield, soccer plays need explosive power in addition to muscular endurance. Plyometric exercises improve reflex time and explosive power necessary to perform. The nature of the game often means players have overdeveloped quadriceps in relation to their hamstrings. A soccer-specific training program would focus on building hamstring strength in order to balance out the lower body. Protein plays a key role in the development and maintenance of muscles and players will need to tweak their diets to ensure appropriate protein consumption.
For cyclists, strength training in the off-season will yield better results in the on season. Utilizing training techniques such a periodization, hypertrophy and flexibility training assists cyclists with necessary strength and muscular cohesion for training rides and races. Cyclists using an aggressive riding position may experience lower back pain. Core work is especially important for cyclists in order to strength the gluteal muscles, abdominals and smaller muscles surrounding the pelvic girdle. Because cycling is a sustained exercise, cyclists must learn to nutritionally prepare for longer bouts of exercise.
Sport enthusiasts must keep in mind the exercise and nutritional programming specific to their preferred sport. Training and appropriate nutrition away from the sport has a massive impact on performance during the sport. Certified personal trainers can assist with the development and upkeep of complementary strength training and nutrition programming.